Here is the pattern: action recipient + + doer + verb. Similarly, in Chinese, you can choose to say or use ch. We use it more for stating details related to the verb in the past. We do something similar in English but to a much lesser degree. The pattern "/" specifically indicates that "in addition to., something is also". You have learned about " + place" to show "going to a place". ), Her surname is Li. I want to learn Chinese because I like China very much. What relatively/rather spicy is this hot pot. ), I am behind the teacher. You learned about the pattern "subject + adverb + adjective", such as (I am happy). You can choose to omit the noun if it has already been mentioned. To negate this wanting, you can simply place before . (The shop used to have apples. The only exception is Sunday, where we add tin or r. You can also use to describe white wine within particular contexts. Du Ydl li shu, zh ge chngsh ti zhngyo le. Mma mi le hn du pnggu, yu de sh l s de, yu de sh hng s de. It is normally used as a return sentence after being asked the same question.

Other patterns with similar use will be introduced later. "number + measure word + bn" means "a certain number" and a half. You can also use to express "wanting to do something" via the pattern "subject + + verb". Since I like China very much, I want to learn Chinese. The positive pattern is verb + + and verb + is for negation. You can drop the subject (the command recipient) and directly use the structure " + verb". That clothes looks/appears to be expensive. We do something similar in English, but to a much lesser degree. qngch by itself means to be clear. Was it yesterday that you went to the hospital? It wont rain next Monday. I dont know. Mostly, is followed by as an indicator of the completion. One thousand three hundred twenty-one / 1,321, One thousand three hundred twenty / 1,320, One thousand three hundred and two / 1,302. Keep in mind, however, that you can also see this in sentences about the future when is showing that one action was completed before another. If there are two subjects, they should come after both and . In addition to tennis, he also wants to play volleyball. cng refers to "from" in English and kish means "to start". This is only when talking about two nouns or a pronoun and a noun. There are different ways to say or in Chinese. In many cases, you can also find next year, tomorrow, and other words referring to the future in the sentence with . You learned about li and q as to come and to go. To build on that, the complete way to express actions in progress is to further place zhe (neutral tone) right after the verb and before the object if there is one. You learned about Chinese also uses the subject (doer) + verb (action) + object (action recipient) pattern as in English. Ynwi w hn[hn] xhun Zhnggu, su[su]y w[w] xing xu Zhngwn. Normally present actions are negated with , but is an exception. * zh is one of the measure words to describe animals. jio means to call/name or to be called/named and is commonly used to introduce names. There are two main rules for how to pronounce the 3rd tone: When you have two 3rd tones together, the first one becomes a 2nd tone (rising tone). The word for also or too is much less flexible in Chinese than in English. (literal translation: He is called/named Andy. To ask about surname (family name/last name) in particular, you can use xng which means to be surnamed in a similar pattern with . Please note that verbs in verb + / pattern should imply inherent movements by their own, such as shng(to go up) and xi(to go down). zh means "straight". You should follow the pattern "subject + + object". Previously, you learned about mitin (every day) where means "each/every". One of the meanings of du is "to/toward". is followed by a sentence revealing the truth, and leads to an adverse reaction to the former statement. The word zi means "again", indicating something will happen again in the future. Dinno ti gu le, su[su]y w mi mi. is normally used in the pattern " + measure word + + action/description". For both, you generally have the subject (who is performing the action), followed by the verb (what that person or thing is doing), and lastly the object (what is receiving the action). Since can express an ongoing action, you can use the pattern "subject + + + verb" to indicate someone has been/is continuously doing something.

), I am a little bit too busy today.

When you are only using , you may want to show your gratefulness that the opposite situation didn't happen to influence the schedule. What relatively tasty are their dumplings. Does younger sister know how to go back home? Most commonly, it is placed before verbs or adjectives to show that an action or a condition unexpectedly happens in a short time. Similarly, to say "A is next to B", you can use the word png. Duolingo Tips and Notes Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. There is no newspaper on the chair. (emphasis: last June). Simple! and are both commonly used. Teachers finished eating (all the) lunch. It may be helpful to think of this as being similar to s worth of, for example, ,a days worth of TV. Also remember that is pronounced y ge ( has a rising tone), rather than y ge. The exception to this is dates and hours of the day, where we know there are 12 months and hours and up to 31 days in a month, but we still use . Placing before verbs, k[k]y is used to show the permission to carry out actions, similar to "may" "can (permission not ability)" in English. (literal translation: listen but not understand), Students understood this book. dng by itself means to understand. jnggu can be a verb, a preposition, and a noun. A formal way to say this in Chinese is rgu ji. To list a condition and its consequence in English, you use the if then structure. The shortest answer for yes is to reply with the verb, and that for no is the pattern + verb. Zero in Chinese is lng. In informal settings, similar to English, you can choose to use either or in a sentence. If you use the "verb + + verb" pattern, you should not put at the end of the question. There is no bus here. You can use subject + verb + + (noun)? pattern. When is followed by a falling tone (4th tone) y it turns into a rising (2nd tone) y. There is no apple in the fridge. Different from placed before unpleasant adjectives, "adjective + " is used to express "a little bit more of a condition". And to ask How much does it cost? or How much is it? in Chinese, you can ask subject + . There are three main places where you will see this: with all 3rd tones (low then rising tones), with the character y (1/one), and with the character b (no, not). This word is , and it means to be at or located in. Dad and I flew for eight hours. I like China very much, so I want to learn Chinese. The construction "subject + + verb" simply means something is difficult to do. You can put this pattern before + verb to ask how to get to a place. after the word Xngq (week) to get the day of the week. can also express something is happening. can also be added after certain verbs to say where the action is taking place. Both + verb and + verb are commonly used. -> (not ), Note: You can say , which is similar to saying I am very not happy i.e. ne is placed at the end of a sentence to ask how about?/what about?. It must always come after the subject and before the verb. To describe everyday routine, you can use the pattern "someone + (every day) + time 1 + + time 2 + action". Their dumplings are relatively/rather tasty. You only need to replace the part you want to question about with a question word. Luckily, we are at home. The original meaning of zu is "to sit". (the movement is towards the speaker), Mom, I will go back (home) tomorrow. Differently, () in the pattern "subject + () + adjective + ()!" (literal translation: What name are you called? You can also put after , which also indicates completion. ( is followed by the starting point of the action ), ( is followed by the starting point of the action ). write and listen) has resulted in a particular consequence, in our case, being clear about something. Please write down the Chinese characters. However, you should also spell out the zeros before the unit position. Please note that similar to (I am happy), "" here is used to connect the subject and . ), They are learning Chinese. When you have a 3rd tone followed by any other non-3rd tone syllable, it only lowers, it doesnt rise at the end. You can make a complicated sentence with two actions by using ", , ". can also be used as the complement to verbs like xi(write), shu(speak), kn(look) and tng(listen). Apart from creating a sense of "a little bit" of an action, this pattern also softens the overall tone and makes Chinese sentences more natural. Sometimes Chinese tones change based on the tone that follows it. When it comes to statements, for both, you generally have the subject (who is performing the action), followed by the verb (what that person or thing is doing), and lastly the object (what is receiving the action). In addition to brushing teeth, I will also take a shower. You can use it for comparison and show the speaker's expectation. (literal translation: She is surnamed Li. Of course, the answer to such questions can be yes or no. If you want to express possession, saying that someone/something belongs to someone/something else, the word de (neutral tone) is used to connect the two elements. Rgu t yu kng, wmen ji q Xinggng.

The after the duration is to show how long the action occurred.

Please note that can be omitted and is short for . You can follow the English pattern using the verb gi (to give) to indicate the action of passing things to someone. In English, we talk about our brothers and sisters without knowing whether they are older or younger than us. The same case also applies to and , but for (month) you have to add (). Apart from expressing "not wanting something", b[b]yo is also popularly used to command someone not to do something. "Subject + " means the subject looks like or appear to be in a certain circumstance or condition. Remember to use hn when describing what something is like using an adjective. The complete pattern is + measure word + (number). The first use of is to ask "which" questions in the form of . To express ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.) (the movement is away from the speaker).

Importantly, an appropriate measure word should follow . zhngjin means middle. (literal translation: Their restaurant's beef is difficult to eat.). chle means "apart from", "except" and "besides". always shows up with yun(far) and jn(close) if the distances are not exact numbers. You can use the pattern verb + + duration + + object to address how long that action took place. This is to show that an action (e.g. The pattern is "subject + + , + subject + ". The verb yo has many uses. You can use both and . family), and for institutions and organization you are involved with (e.g. However, slightly different from , emphasizes that the action is in progress RIGHT NOW. can be omitted in this structure. My older brother is eating at the restaurant. If the verb is followed by an object, you should repeat the verb as shown in the new pattern subject + verb + object + verb + + duration + . + number + digit name. However, if you want to describe that A is more of something than B in Chinese, you have to place in between those two things with the adjective at the end. Time words such as today, tomorrow, and yesterday usually come after the subject but before the verb. So you can finally express past tense actions! rnhu means "and then" or "and after that".

The first indicates the completion of the action, and the second expresses the meaning of up until now. Grandfather looks/appears to be very healthy. (Is this cup of coffee yours or mine? To ask "why" questions, you can start by making a regular statement sentence, then place wishnme(why) after the subject. Since refers to the past action, you need to use or to negate verb + . The computer is too expensive, so I didn't buy it. "subject + + place" is among the most commonly used construction. It is a very popular structure when we try to ask questions since questions aim to figure out specific content. (emphasis: at the school). By simply putting before verbs, you can create questions to ask how to do something. Similarly, to negate an adjective, one pattern is "subject + + adjective", such as (I am not happy). How many students are there in the school? (the movement is out and away from the speaker). ( seems more important in this sentence). My younger sister is eight years old. " + adjective + + + something/someone" is used to to address the thing/person. The fuller structure is ", yobrn/ fuz" which expresses "luckily, otherwise". B[b]yo y[y]bin kn sh, y[y]bin kn dinsh. Although it is not common to see both "although" and "but" in an English sentence (just like this sentence), you need to include both surn (although) and dnsh (but) in a Chinese sentence. (the movement is down and towards the speaker). The pattern "subject + + action" describes that an action frequently happens. The word "noodles" is also in this skill. You can use the pattern A + +B + + /. In this case, you can omit the subject for the part.