Both, however, remain quite male dominated. Several cases in this special issue demonstrate that the customary use of space is defended through the employment of a utilitarian calculus. The papers in the special issue lead us to a more profound conclusion: the idea that lifestyle sport revels in an outsider status beyond the realm of government no longer holds true. De Martini Ugolotti shows that parkour, like skateboarding, is central to urban lives. Over the decades governments and policymakers have advocated the use of traditional or mainstream sports for combating a range of social problems, from youth disengagement to poor health. The politics of sport-for-development: limited focus programmes and broad gauge problems? While there is an established evidence base, and research programme for understanding and critiquing the social benefits of mainstream sport, the situation for lifestyle and informal sport is more piecemeal. Youth sports: what counts as positive development? Clearly, traditional sports can no longer assume they have young peoples ear. One key issue that has been identified is the absence of the kinds of (quantitative-based) evidence that policy communities and government value. Most recently, fears about rising levels of inactivity and obesity, particularly amongst children, are increasingly driving sports-based interventions and the question of sports capacity to deliver public policy outcomes. Consequently, a more accommodating governing structure has been fashioned based upon shared institutional power that recognises and celebrates difference. A two-day seminar considered the experiences of these less visible participants and consumer groups, including minority ethnic groups, girls and women, and older participants across a wide range of activities (including roller derby, surfing, paddle-boarding, community dance and walking) and contexts from Bournemouth beach to New Zealand. 'Mandatory equipment': Women in Adventure Racing 9.

Locating sport within broader social, cultural, political, legal and economic contexts requires us to think across boundaries and to adopt more agile approaches to policy analysis. Atencio et al. Mobile/eReaders Download the Bookshelf mobile app at or from the iTunes or Android store to access your eBooks from your mobile device or eReader. Death, danger and the selling of risk in adventure sports 4. suggest, there are long-term implications and concerns about this governance model such that being a good citizen is equated with individual rather than collective or state responsibility. A number of the seminar themes are touched upon in the seven papers that form this collection, including the different policy contexts in which lifestyle and informal sports are emerging, the adoption of lifestyle sports in delivering inclusive physical activity and the institutionalisation, governance and regulation of lifestyle sport cultures. 1. Introduction: Mapping the lifestyle sport-scape 2. In other words, this world apart is hugely ordinary in its context, yet, contrarily, just as extraordinary in its focused efforts and expenditures. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. 2014) which shows that cracks have appeared in the stereotype of the skateboarder as anti-institutional rebel. These same conditions are traced by Nicola De Martini Ugolotti, in a study of parkour in Turin, Italy. Drawing on Baumans theorisation of liquid modernity and Bourdieus concepts of social and cultural capital, they claim that other complex identities and resources within a young persons broader social networks and relations are mobilised in the process of lobbying for and gaining new facilities for skateboarding. Kat King and Andrew Church focus on the challenges of lifestyle sport governance particularly sustaining participation in informal sports. 2012) and metropolitan Western Australia (Wood et al. How can we measure the socio-economic impacts of woodland mountain bike trails without understanding the centrality of countryside space to the coalescence and performance of teenage identities? In particular, the nature-based spaces in which many lifestyle sports take place, such as beaches and hills, are overwhelmingly white spaces (Wolch and Zhang 2004, Erickson et al. They are characterised by their challenge to the dominant Western achievement sport culture and values.

Rinehart 2008, Wheaton 2010, Crissey Honea 2013) to account for the elision between the predictable and unpredictable ways in which participants and communities work with organisations and the degrees of involvement, quasi-involvement and non-involvement in policy processes (Daskalaki and Mould 2013). (Horne 2011: p.219). An important theme addressed by the seminar series was the experiences of minority participants in these informal sporting spaces. The social benefits of informal and life .,,,,,, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing & Allied Health. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Cross-cultural contexts are important too. A favourable policy environment that seeks to work with youth subcultures presents opportunities for collaboration, partnership and resource maximisation; other contexts may impose political parameters that curtail, constrain and warp the form of sport that emerges as participants engage with different state, commercial and civil society actors (Daskalaki and Mould 2013). 'Chicks dig scars': Commercialisation and the transformations of skateboarders' identities 3. It is a language adopted by participant communities, public agencies and private investors. Reflecting the public value of sport: a game of two halves? Roan 2015, Weed 2016). 'Anyone can play this game': Ultimate Frisbee, identity and difference 10. Published A counter-cultural ethos is just one component of the complex and rapidly changing social formation of lifestyle sports (Daskalaki and Mould 2013, Gilchrist 2016). [online], The negotiation of leisure citizenship: leisure constraints, moral regulation and the mediation of rural place. Their findings suggest that sustaining participation in mountain biking requires policy and management initiatives that are built on and acknowledge the informal codependencies between clubs and user communities. A key intention was to bring academics from different disciplinary backgrounds into conversations with policymakers, educationalists and practitioners to share knowledge, discuss challenges and identify areas of potential contribution to the delivery of sport and public policy. Most VitalSource eBooks are available in a reflowable EPUB format which allows you to resize text to suit you and enables other accessibility features. Rather than see a cultural fragmentation of parkour, as has beset other sports during their long march to institutionalisation and official recognition, parkours National Governing Body in the United Kingdom has in fact sought dialogue and negotiation in an attempt to bring alternate pedagogic intents and styles into the fold. Yet, as King and Church outline, while their playful and non-traditional features may attract new participants less interested in traditional sports, the very liquidity of these activities may mean that the engagement of participants is fragmented and not sustained beyond a particular period in their lives. If careful thought is needed on dealing with the elision between the local and the global, then we also need to be mindful of the presence of other binaries for example, those of manager and user, expert and novice, parent and child which are producing more complex arrangements in the provision, maintenance and use of space. This condition was observed over a decade ago when, along with our colleagues Alan Tomlinson and Neil Ravenscroft, we wrote a report for Sport England suggesting a research agenda that national sport policymakers and funders should make for lifestyle sport1 (Tomlinson et al. 'New Lads'? The skaters involved in the policy process use these resources to negotiate an adult-centred policy environment which has started to become more responsive to the needs of all members of the community as a result of the adoption of localist policy agendas in the UK Governments approach to planning and development. A wealth of research has considered how sport contributes to achieving wider social benefits, including improvements to health and well-being, life satisfaction, crime reduction, community cohesion and activism, environmental stewardship, educational attainment, labour market participation, civic renewal, urban regeneration and developing youth (Coalter 2007, Oughton and Tacon 2007, Brookes and Wiggan 2009). It states: Sport must become more demand-led, recognising the different motivations, attitudes and lifestyles of its potential customer base, before advising that, The sector must also adapt to suit how people want to engage in sport and physical activity. Skateparks as a health-resource: are they as dangerous as they look? Context matters. While articles on the sports of parkour and skateboarding dominate this special issue, this was not deliberate and the landscape of lifestyle sport is characterised by its increased diversity. Lifestyle sport is used here as an umbrella term that refers to a range of participatory, informal and thrill-seeking urban and rural sporting activities that are qualitatively different to traditional, rule-bound, competitive and institutionalised sport. Informa UK Limited, an Informa Plc company. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies.

racism fans football racist tolerance uefa zero sport fenerbahce reporting closures anounce fear stadium clubs lead plan english abuse supporter In her brilliant new book, Belinda Wheaton answers these questions. [it is] a world of mud, muck and muscle, of timber, T-shirts and temporary formwork, of grey skies, 1930s semi-detached housing and patchy grass. As Thorpe (2014) has argued in reviewing action sport-based development programmes, despite their potential benefits, programme funders and delivery partners need to be more critical to ensure they dont reinforce some of the less savoury aspects of action sport cultures such as forms of exclusion based on gender, age, sexuality, ability and ethic/religious backgrounds. Notions of community development, well-being and healthy youth are being re-framed and authorised by private interests working within seemingly public skate spaces. Scratch-built skateparks and mountain bike trails, for instance, are areas where young people can congregate and where friendships are formed with like-minded peers (see King 2010, Taylor and Khan 2011).

2009, Bradley 2010, Gilchrist and Wheaton 2011, Rynne and Rossi 2012, King and Church 2013, Turner 2013, Fernndez-Ro and Suarez 2014). This is a sign, the authors posit, of the neo-liberal conditions faced by the sport in North America, as market relations enter into democratic public space and redefine the standards of citizenship. This seminar reminded us of the importance of recognising the specific forms of exclusion and barriers to inclusion (in relation to sexuality/gender/race/age/dis-ability) that operate in these informal sporting spaces, and the role of individuals and institutions (from the media to action sport industries) in promoting greater equity. Whilst participants may help to deliver neoliberal urban policies through serving as positive exemplars of active youth in hard-pressed and under-resourced communities, in many instances their undesired difference is made apparent, signalling a process of ambivalent incorporation. Hosted by the University of Brighton, in partnership with Brunel University and Bournemouth University. Offline Computer Download Bookshelf software to your desktop so you can view your eBooks with or without Internet access. No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. Participation in lifestyle and action sports such as skateboarding and surfing is increasing rapidly in many national contexts and across demographic groups, fuelled by a buoyant transnational consumer industry and culture (for detail on this growth in participation and consumption, see Wheaton 2013, Thorpe 2014, Gordon 2015, Wheaton and Thorpe 2016). As a local authority sport development officer suggested at one of our seminars, the game challenged him to think anew about social benefits and the policy response as it opened up the use of urban space and parks in ways he had never seen, with participants walking vast distances daily. For both formats the functionality available will depend on how you access the ebook (via Bookshelf Online in your browser or via the Bookshelf app on your PC or mobile device). We recognised that lifestyle sports could help to achieve public policy outcomes, but that a new research agenda was called for with a view to placing the lifestyle sport participant at the centre of the analysis in order to fully benchmark impacts (Ibid.

In their study of the development of a small skate park in a village in the south of England, Fiona McCormack and Ben Clayton show that the subcultural image of the skateboarder as nonconformist outsider may hold for some skaters but is not as apparent for others. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email. The role of belonging and affective economies in managing outdoor recreation: mountain biking and the disengagement tipping point, Legal geographies skating around the edges of the law: urban skateboarding and the role of law in determining young peoples place in the city.

When these activities are presented in appropriate contexts and spaces that are sensitive to the needs of these communities (such as lack of adult control, self-definition, a lack of rules and regulations and, in many, competitive structures or leagues), they have demonstrated the potential to engage young and increasingly older people (Humberstone 2011, Wheaton 2017), addressing community engagement, creativity and healthy lifestyles in new meaningful ways (Gilchrist and Wheaton 2011, OLoughlin 2012, Thorpe and Ahmad 2015). By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Rocky Mountain National Park: history and culture as factors in African-American park visitation, Feasibility and students preliminary views on parkour in a group of primary school children, Morality, mobility and citizenship: legitimising mobile subjectivities in a contested outdoors, Lifestyle sport, public policy and youth engagement: examining the emergence of parkour, Lifestyle and adventure sport amongst youth, Parkour as health promotion in schools: a qualitative study of health identity, The future of Australian sport: megatrends shaping the sports sector over coming decades, The creative class and the gentrifying city: skateboarding in Philadelphias Love Park, Engagements with nature: ageing and windsurfing, The accidental youth club: skateboarding in Newcastle-Gateshead, Sport and re/creation: what skateboarders can teach us about learning, Developing through sport: evidencing sport impacts on young people, Lifestyle, identity and young peoples experiences of mountain biking, We dont enjoy nature like that: youth identity and lifestyle in the countryside, Questioning policy, youth participation and lifestyle sports, I want to do everything!: leisure innovation among retirement-age women, The positioning power of pedagogies for young peoples (dis)engagement with physical activity and physical education, Seaspaces: surfing the sea as pedagogy of self. Product pricing will be adjusted to match the corresponding currency. ESPNs X games, contests of opposition, resistance, co-option, and negotiation, Sport funding facing overhaul to save London 2012 legacy [online], Moral panics and urban renaissance: policy, tactics and youth in public space, Skate-park builds, teenaphobia and the adolescent need for hang-out spaces: the social utility and functionality of urban skate parks, Action sports for youth development: critical insights for the SDP community, Youth, action sports and political agency in the Middle East: lessons from a grassroots parkour group in Gaza. Claims that sport interventions provide personal development (Coakley 2011) in for example overcoming obstacles, improving lives and creativity and decreasing disruptive behaviours are often unsubstantiated and the process of change not understood (Coalter 2007, 2010). by The popularity of these activities goes beyond the teenage male youth that the media typify as their main consumers. Davide Sterchele and Rafaella Camoletto extend Thorpe and Wheatons remark (2011, p. 832) that in order to understand the complexities of the cultural politics involved in the incorporation of action sports, attention must be paid to the particularities within each specific historical conjuncture. Nor does a one-size fits-all approach work in an increasingly fragmented cultural context. 2005). Drawing on case-study examples from skateboarding in Northern California, Becky Beal, Matthew Atencio, E. Missy Wright and ZNean McClain illustrate that the popularity of skateboarding has also been accompanied by new private stakeholders who use the language of social benefits to synergistically market their brands and products through the sport. We are pleased that policymakers and practitioners voices are represented in this special issue, as research participants, collaborators and authors. While the papers here have focused on lifestyle sports, the questions raised have pertinence for many other emerging sports and activities that like parkour, dance and interactive video-games, sit on the boundaries between sport, arts and play, or activities that are evolving into sport-fitness hybrids. That informal activity continues to surprise authorities simply reinforces our point: sport policymakers still have much to learn about informal and lifestyle sport. inventions jing washes denim finally months