Revista Arhivelor, 1/1958: 159-185. 3: Archives and Libraries Arcadie M. Bodale, Colecia de stare civil ntre realizri i deziderate. Along with these registers, special forms for recording such data were also created. Therefore, keeping up to date parish registers was not a regular practice among the recognized confessions (religiones receptae) in Transylvania, the case of the Greek Orthodox Church being especially illustrative (the first parish registers compiled by the Orthodox church date back from 18th c.). 5: Maps and Gazetteers Therefore, in some cases, civil status events were recorded with great delay or even escaped recording due to the great distances between the parochial office and certain areas of a parish, especially in rural areas. Russia was particularly interested in a long lasting domination over the two Romanian principalities, which could ensure a Russian control over the mouths of Danube, Europes main commercial hub at that time. Later on, a new type of register was established, i.e.  Each circle included one or more communes. copyright 2001-2002, GenealogyRO Group and FEEFHS, all rights reserved When writing (by hand!) The practice had already been adopted by some Protestant churches, its usefulness for continuously checking the religious conformity of the parishioners becoming evident. Moreover, all the extracts and certificates regarding civil status data issued by the parishes had juridical value in law courts, and every change in the civil status of a person, certified by the law courts, had to be recorded also in the parish registers. In the case of Wallachia, there is no evidence of civil status registers before 1831, when the Organic Regulation (the first constitutional act of Wallachia) was adopted under the pressure of the Russian empire, which after the Treaty of Adrianople (1829), maintained military occupation of Moldavia and Wallachia until 1834. Church records available at the IfA, Stuttgart: B 1753-1842, M 1753-1843, D 1753-1851. Iai. Records up to the present are available on site. This allows for a well-grounded investigation of Banat history and can also be used successfully in genealogical research. Previous attempts for introducing this practice can be documented in 1791 and 1828, when Russian authorities asked the Orthodox church both in Moldavia and Wallachia to introduce such registers, but with no success. After the expulsion of the Turks, the Romanian population of the Great Plain organized their congregations and built their modest churches. In the 1790s the administration of the diocese was divided into two, the Consistories of Arad and Nagyvrad were established with episcopal authority. Only a few of the records were lost during the 2nd World War or in the first years of the communist regime. Gh.  This second copy was to be used only in the case when the first copy had been lost. For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRCA. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) has filmed registers (anyakonyv) up to 1895, and theyre available through the FHL and FHCs. Parish registers usually cover very imperfectly a given territory this is due to their scope focused mostly on the community of a parish (and parishes in Transylvania or Wallachia did not have precise limits on the ground). The undergoing activities include the digitization of the Bucharest collection (c. 90% finished). a civil status act in the register, the officer had to leave a blank margin on each page where the name(s) of the person(s) were written for quick reference. A stricter legal control over the parish registers was legislated in 1827 law no. These annotations were made by the civil status officers, who informed also the law courts to record them in copy no. The ecclesiastic authorities often denounced illegitimate and abusive intrusions of the state in religious matters (especially in cases of baptisms) while the state officials pointed to the negligence of the priests in filling and administering the parish registers and the subsequent certificates. You are warmly invited to actively participate and contribute. Finally, the priests had to compile and deliver to OSD a statistical report for their parish each quarter of the year. FS Wiki The first difference lies in the balance between individual, community and territory. However, imposing administrative constraints on clergy could not result in smooth cooperation between the two authorities and tensions arose especially when these constraints were enforced with sanctions. The languages used in these documents were Latin (for Catholics), Hungarian (for Calvinists and Unitarians), German (for Lutherans), Romanian (for Greek-Orthodox and Greek-Catholic communities) Armenian (for Armenian communities). 6: Newspapers Revista Arhivelor-Archives Review, 1/2008: 51-79. A possible explanation lays in the fact that, unlike in the case of Transylvania, a multi-confessional region, where each church was especially interested in having a good control over its believers, in Moldavia and Wallachia the Greek Orthodox church had practically no competitors.  Some civil records (usually marriage certificates) contain 2 or 3 pages, thus needing 2 photos per certificate. The importance of the civil status collections for researches in various disciplines is beyond doubt.  Between 1848-1857 the Latin was temporarely replaced by Hungarian. The oldest parish registers compiled on the territory of nowadays Braov county dates back from 1607 (Lutheran parish of Hosman), 1651 (the reformed church in Fgra), 1687 (the Greek-Catholic parish from Daia), 1784 (the Greek Orthodox parish from Orlat). Contact The Immigration History Research Center Archives Collecting Area, Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America records, IHRC Archives, University of Minnesota. The clergy was also obliged to periodically report to the secular authorities on the demographic curbs of each parish (data on the increase or decrease of the population).
Each year, the metropolitan see in Bucharest eventually collected all the registers with the help of the archpriests and stored them in special rooms located in its palace near Dmbovia river. For example, the FHL microfilm for the village Satchinez [Knes / Temeskenez / Knez / Knees / Knies] ends in 1852, while the records in the National Archives from Timisoara cover the period up to 1906. Church and the Transylvanian Romanian family in the modern era. Thus, in the second half of the 18th c. the Austrian authorities in Transylvania strengthened their control over the process of recording and preserving the civil status data, not only by imposing this obligation to all ecclesiastic structures, but also by specific rules and procedures. the County Civil Registration [where the second copy of the civil registration is kept].
For Braov collection, there are no available indexing aids with the exception of a basic inventory containing a short description for each register. Demography, genealogy, sociology, toponymy, onomatology, epidemiology, local history or family history are among the most privileged.  In Latin Libri aversorum et conversorum. In the context of the military defeats suffered by the Habsburg monarchy in front of Prussian armies, a law passed in 1868 and applicable also in Transylvania obliged the mayors to share with the local priests the responsibility for the correctness of the conscription lists and to check the identity of those who presented at the recruiting commissions. Thus, the regulations regarding military conscriptions issued in 1773 and 1784 by the Imperial Chancery in Vienna provided also detailed instructions on how the priests of all Christian confessions should record births, marriages and deaths using special forms provided by the state. In the case of parish registers (libri parochiales, felekezeti anyaknyvek, Kirchenbcher), there are 6 types: Archived in the Braov civil status collection, one can also find also the minutes of the parish meetings concerning the status of parish population, the material contributions of the parishioners for the church, ecclesiastic ordinances, lists with children enrolled in the parish or local school, names of their teachers, data concerning vaccinations etc. All the church books [for all the religions] for the Romanian Banat villages are available in Romanian archives and/or parishes. In the case of Braov collection, the registers were photographed as such, with two pages per frame, while in the case of Bucharest collection, the registers were photographed by certificate. The Romanians fought a serious struggle for the independence of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The Jewish religious authorities used either Hungarian, German and, of course, Jewish. The Orthodox Romanians and Serbs organized their Church together. In my experience, very few have been destroyed, he explains. Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law. 1. The digitization of the registers has been carried using compact cameras with 18 Mpx resolution mounted on photo stands. LDS has microfilmed some church and civil registers. On the other hand, by the end of the century, the administrative apparatus of the local authorities had grown significantly and it was apparently ready to assume such responsibility. 4: Church Records The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America was officially established in 1929, although the first Romanian Orthodox parish in the United States was organized in 1904. Also, any change in the civil status data had to be recorded in both copies.
Czechoslovakia started civil registration for non-churchgoers in 1918, but the state didnt take over vital records until 1950. Bogdan-Florin Popovici, Consideraii pe marginea prelucrrii coleciei de registre de stare civil. May 1st, 183l in Walachia / Valahia, Tara Romaneasca; October 1st, 1895 in Banat Transylvania / Ardeal, Transylvanien, Siebenbrgen (Siebenbuergen / Siebenburgen), Siebenbrgen, Erdly (Erdely) - (under construction). Official relations with church authorities in Romania were severed in 1951, and from 1952, Bishop Valerian D. Trifa headed the church, which is now under jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church of America. Liviu Moldovan, Registrele confesionale de stare civil din Transilvania.
Best UK, Irish and Commonwealth Genealogy Websites, Family Tree Templates and Relationship Charts, How to Find Your Ancestors US Military Records, Preserving Old Photos of Your Family History, Surnames: Family Search Tips and Surname Origins, Learn the history and geographical shifts, Solving Mysteries Behind Conflicting Birthdates An Interview with Lindsey Harner, How to Pass On Research: What to Include in Your Genealogy Will, Researching the Germans Outside Germany in Eastern Europe, How to Link Digitized Records to Your Family Tree. 2 was preserved in the archive of law courts.  One copy was preserved in the archive of the city houses, while the copy no. However, almost no sense of community can be detected simply because those individuals recorded in the civil registers usually came from different social milieus and shared different religious affiliations and social profiles. Ioan Bolovan, Sorina Paula Bolovan, From tradition to modernization. Mircea Brie, Registrele de stare civil din Transilvania n a doua jumtate a secolului al XIX-lea. Monasterium Lapajne advises writing to the local archbishopric in Slovenia for records. Photo Credits. The only existing microfilms  for the Banat area, and therefore the only used in genealogical research  were made in 1940 by Dr. Friedhelm Treude , a German historian. Matricula However, the Hungarian authorities reinforced the rule with harsher sanctions in 1879 and 1890. Characteristics and significance of the collections. The results of the current research have been made possible through the project The Virtual Genealogical Archive a pilot project destined to the National Archives of Romania and third party users, co-financed through the research programme Partnerships Collaborative Projects for Applied Research PCCA 2013. } After September 30th, 2017, more than 500.000 images in total will be available on-line for free consultation. Ancestry The Record and Archives for the Romanian Banat The narrative style of most civil records before 1912, even if it uses a typical administrative language, adds more local flavor, turning the civil certificates into veritable micro-stories. Kind regards From 1866 until 1881, the civil records for Bucharest follow the administrative organization of the city into 5 sectors designated with colors (red, blue, yellow, black and green), therefore in the Bucharest archives for each year in this interval there are at least five registers for every type of event and for each sector the civil records are numbered from no. The Bucharest civil status collection includes 334 parish registers dating from the period 1832-1865 and 2095 civil status registers covering the period 1866-1912. In 1850, new headings were added in the format of parish registers: two headings for baptisms (for recording the alive/dead newborn and for legitimate/illegitimate births), one heading for marriages (for recording the status of the grooms as unmarried/widow) and one heading for deaths (for recording the cause of death). The early documents contain data and texts in Romanian, written in Cyrillic writing. Moreover, the parish priests were controlled not by state officials, but only by their ecclesiastic superiors, who proved to be more reluctant in chastising for errors in keeping parish registers than for other types of transgressions. Diese Website verwendet Akismet, um Spam zu reduzieren. I. Cuza Academy, Bucharest (RO). The provisions of the Civil Code were enforced and detailed in the instructions issued in 1866, which introced new procedures regarding the civil status registers. How a creative archival landscape can effect society, ICARUS-Meeting #19 | 5th co:op partner meeting, ICARUS-Meeting #20 | The Age of Digital Technology, Making Sigillographic Material Accessible to Researchers Digitising, Catalogues, Editions of seals, Second technical meeting of the READ-partners, Valencia, Erfahre mehr darber, wie deine Kommentardaten verarbeitet werden, Libri traditionum of Bavarian bishoprics and monasteries, ICARUS as partner of the European Digital Treasures Project, Archives & the greatest poet of Romanians, matricula (recording births, marriages, deaths, registers containing data referring to the number and status of the parishioners, search by name option and the visualisation of the civil status record associated for each name (available for Bucharest collection). the mayoralty from the villages [for the first copy of civil registration for period after 1895]. Finally, the Civil Code of the Romanian principalities, promulgated in December 1864 and in effect after one year, transferred the full responsibility of filling and administering the civil status registers to the civil authorities.  The budget allocated to the projects selected following the 2013 competition was part of the total budget of the National Plan for Research II launched in 2007 after Romania joined EU.  One of these princes was Constantin Mavrocordat, who ruled several times in both principalities between 1730-1769. The church books and alternative sources allow us to research family history in the Romania.txtn Banat back to the beginning of 18th century . In the case ofVarias [Warjasch / Varjas], the FHL records end in 1852, but records at the Timisoara National Archives continue up to 1881, and records up to the present may be obtained, on site, in Varias. The compiling of conscription lists and demographic statistics for administrative purposes was also the responsibility of the clergy, who, eventually, was given a status very similar to that of the public servants. Elisabeth Steiger. In addition, the law of the communes (1864) established that the mayors had full legal responsibility regarding the administration of the civil status registers; it was followed by several instructions which detailed the procedures to be followed by the priests when filling the registers and certificates. In 2013, the Executive Unit for Financing the Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation in Romania UEFISCDI (currently under the authority of the Romanian National Authority for Research within the Ministry of Research and Innovation) launched a national competition for collaborative research projects (PCCA), financed from public funds and opened to all consortia joining public institutions (with research capabilities) and private companies. Yugoslavia: The availability of records is murky thanks to the breakup and changing political landscape of this former country.  The registers had to be kept only in the parish residence and in case of fire they had to be rescued first.