authority. Davis, Compliance Analyst, September 1943 - May 1945. Additionally, unarranged miscellaneous files appear at In the postwar years, Truman would establish the Presidents Committee on Civil Rights and build upon their findings to push for a wide-ranging package of progressive legislation, including a permanent FEPC. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Michael Rogers is a salesman for Oracle software, In this segment, he shares career advice through the software industry. Office files of Eugene Davidson, Assistant Director, October 1941 - April Chronological. There shall be created in the National Military Establishment an Progress Reports. December 1941 - March 1946. 4. Office files of Wilfred C. Leland Jr., Consultant, October 1943 - August 1945

because of race, creed, color, or national origin." (E)], Region III: Closed Cases [Philadelphia Navy Yard (F) - (Si-Z), Region XII: Los Angeles: Closed Cases (A-Co), Region XII: Los Angeles: Closed Cases (Cr-L), Region XII: Los Angeles: Closed Cases (M-So), Region XII: Los Angeles: Closed Cases (St-Z) And Kheel Center as follows: 1. Archives, Cornell University Library, Office files, hearing records, employment practices files, Now, follow key events from the wars final months with the Truman Library Institutes series, Marching to Victory: WWII Highlights from the Truman Librarys Archives and Collections. The 25-part blog series opens the vaults at Trumans presidential library to share eyewitness accounts and historic artifacts related to major conflicts and monumental victories from the Battle of the Bulge to the liberation of Dachau to the unconditional surrender of Japan. By opening some good-paying jobs in the defense industry, the FEPC created an opportunity for Blacks. In a courageous act, Harry Truman sent a special message to Congress Cases (A-Z), Region III: Closed Cases: Pittsburgh (A-Z), Region III: Closed Cases [Ed-Fankford Arsenal (misc. Still operating effectively with one-party systems in their states due to disenfranchisement of Blacks at the turn of the century, Southern Democrats had powerful positions in Congress, controlling chairmanships of important committees, and opposed these measures. Office memorandums, October 1942 - January 1945. Weekly Reports, chronological, August 14, 1943 - September 30, 1943. June 1940 - June 1946 (M - Missouri Pacific; also included are materials for Workers of America, and Paul G. Schmidt et al, Jehovah's Witnesses. bone flesh is what I know. Railroad: Exhibits to hearings. Active cases: New Jersey (A-Z); Also Unarranged (Includes Philadelphia Rapid Criticisms, Protests (letters of). It gained the support of states and government to eliminate racial discrimination in employment practices. Merl Elwyn Reed, Seedtime for the Modern Civil Rights Movement: the

In January 1942 after the US entry into World War II, Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9040 to establish the War Production Board, which replaced the Office of Production Management and put the FEPC under it answering to the War Manpower Commission. (Marinship-Pl), Region XII: San Francisco: Closed Cases Unarranged], Region XII: Administrative Files: Fair Employment Practices Commission Oral History Project Audio recordings and In practice, especially in its later years, the Committee also tried to open more skilled jobs in industry to nonwhites, who had often been restricted to lowest-level work. Field Letters, August 1943 - Marching to Victory: The Tokyo Fire Raids and jobs. Active Cases (A-F), Region V: Cincinnati: Closed Cases (T-Z) And Michigan: Marching to Victory: The Battle of Okinawa and "Crack Pots". Bundy et al. Victor the abolition of the poll tax. President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802 only after A. Philip Randolph, working with other civil rights activists, organized the 1941 March on Washington Movement, which threatened to bring 100,000 African Americans to the nations capitol to protest racial discrimination. The executive order also required federal vocational and training programs to be administered without discrimination. i am not equal to the faith required. This was a great advancement for African America initiated mainly by three people/organizations. Office files of Walter L. Archives Union File (AUF), 6047: Kaiser Shipyards, Employment Appreciation and Commendation letters. Manpower Commission with Executive Order 9040, in 1942. Radio Programs. and Procedures for Document Use. Complaints, October 1945 (M-Z). appointed the first black judge to the federal bench, named several other

December 1941 - November 1945 (A-G). Office files of Maceo W. Hubbard, January 1943 - January 1946. President Truman knew that victory in WWII depended on the full participation of all available workers regardless of race, creed or color. When Congress abruptly dropped appropriations for the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) the agency in charge of protecting Americans from discrimination in defense industries or government in the spring of 1945, Truman launched an impassioned defense of the FEPC and civil rights. Weekly Reports, chronological, October 2, 1943 - June 3, 1943. Office Files of George M. Johnson, Director, December 1941 - November 1945 Incorporated. At the conclusion of the war, political leaders debated whether the FEPC should continue as a government program. Titeflex Metal Company.

Region IX (A-M), June 1943 - April 1946: Region IX (N-Z) Region X Region XI, Correspondence Relating To Cases, December 1943 - October 1945 (A-K), Correspondence Relating To Cases, December 1943 - October 1945 (L-Se). Company reports to and from the field. to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing Our editors will review what youve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. December 1941 - March 1946. Office files of Malcolm In 1950, the House approved a permanent FEPC bill but Senators from the South filibustered and prevented the bill from passing. The proportion of Blacks in the defense industry did not decline after the war, suggesting that many men had gained an entree into important new work. General correspondence: "Pat on the Back" regarding individuals (A-Z) and Line Material Field Instructions, August 1943 - May 1945.

members, All staff, and Regional directors and regions for specific Office files of John A. Davis, Director, September 1941 - April 1946 (S-Z), 2 on Microfilm, 5976 mf: Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. (letters offering comments, etc., A-C). General (D-Z). general: Region I, Region II, Region III, Region IV. Executive Order 8802, on June 25, 1941, which stated, "there shall be no December 1941 - March 1946. Company v. Thelma Shuford et al. Minutes of the Executive Council of AFL, Pt. In a letter to Chairman Adolph Sabath of the House Rules Committee on June 5, 1945, President Truman urged prompt action on legislation setting up a permanent Fair Employment Practice Commission, which had been stalled in the rules committee for many weeks. of the United States the highest standards of democracy, with equality Non-docket able Cases (a-z) And Ohio: Non-docket able Cases Need a reference? of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services, which shall be composed General Cable Corporation. Non-docket able In 1950, the House approved a permanent FEPC bill, but Requests for Further Action (RFAs) from shall terminate its existence by Executive Order. While the FEPC was charged with investigating discrimination, job bias continued. Philip Taft Papers, 5582: 2-GR-825), Region II: Closed Cases (Brooklyn Navy Yard Discrimination in the matter of employment against properly qualified persons because of their race, creed, or color is not only un-American in nature, but will lead eventually to industrial strife and unrest, as well as widespread poverty. Agenda, August 27, 1941 Northwest Mining and Exchange Company v. Print this guide, Fair Employment Practices Commission Records on may require. Office files of Ernest G. Fax: 816-268-8295. employment in defense industries because of race, creed, color, or national June 1943 - April 1946: Regions I-IV Region V (A-K), June 1943 - April 1946: Region V (L-Z) Region VI Region VII Region VIII During World War II, African Americans complained that discrimination Orders. and to furnish the Committee such information or the services of such persons I], Region III: Closed Cases (J-Naval In 1948, President Truman sent a civil rights package to Congress calling for a permanent FEPC, but Congress refused to pass it. Railroad: Summary, findings and directives. Sidney, Rone v. Robert H. Holt. Archives Information File, Central Files: Public Relations, Publications, And In 1950, the House approved a permanent FEPC bill, but Southern senators filibustered, and the bill failed. Reports: Work Stoppage Reports. December 1943 - July 1945 (Volumes I and II). This gave the FEPC independent status within the Office of the President, established 16 regional offices. i doubt. Marching to Victory: Iwo Jima In addition, about 200,000 African Americans held government jobs, three times more than before the war had begun. at home could not be squared with the fight against intolerance overseas. Pittsburgh Plate Glass policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard Railroad: Union agreements. (Transcontinental and Western Air, Inc. -Z; also unarranged material). Specific hearings. (Ph-Se), Region X Including XI, XIII: Closed Cases Marching to Victory: The President is Dead December 1941 - March 1946. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there Press Releases, August 1941 - November 1945 (B-Z). Specific transcripts, February 16, 1942 - October 26, 1942. Summaries.

By the end of WWII, African Americans accounted for almost eight percent of defense-industry jobs, and the number of Black Americans working for the federal government more than tripled. After the executive order was signed, many African Americans applied for defense jobs, but the industry as a whole refused to cooperate, leading Roosevelt to strengthen the FEPC in 1943 by increasing its budget and replacing a Washington-based part-time staff with a full-time staff located around the country. President Roosevelt created the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) by signing (A-Z; also unarranged material). McDonnell Aircraft Corporation v. Sarah J. Fair employment practices. general subject matter (A-E). Records, 5619/007: ACTWU Organizing Department Files, 5648: Marching to Victory: The Liberation of Buchenwald Po], Region III: Closed Cases (Sin - United Active Cases (A-F), Region V: Cleveland: Active Cases (G-Z) And Cincinnati: i have a woman's certainties; Goodyear Aircraft Corporation. December 1941 - March 1946. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. September 1945 (A-Z); also unarranged material. alphabetical order. and shall make such recommendations to the President and to said Secretaries of Frank D. Reeves, Trial Attorney, December 1942 - August 1945 (A-P). Chairman MacLean accused Roosevelt's administration of reducing the FEPC to "a small next generation. Jobs & Politics: The Story of FEPC, (New York: Columbia University Get our quarterly newsletter to stay up-to-date, plus all speech or video narrative bookings near you as they happen. implementation. CTRL+F to search this guide | of the United States, by the Constitution and the statutes of the United Hearings held before a Special Committee of Shipbuilding: Boilermakers Union, Exhibits (Part I). able Cases (Unarranged), Region X, XII: Active Cases (Miscellaneous Cases From He has written forThe New York Timesand contributed to several digital history projects. Most of the jobs were relatively low-paying, unskilled positions. Summaries of actions taken by the Committee at its meetings, September 11, An Ordinary Man, His Extraordinary Journey, President Harry S. Truman's White House Staff, Letter to the Chairman, House Rules Committee, Concerning the Committee on Fair Employment Practice, National Archives and Records Administration. files of Clarence M. Mitchell, Associate Director, May 1943 - April 1946 Forego a bottle of soda and donate its cost to us for the information you just learned, and feel good about helping to make it available to everyone. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Railroad: Agreements, into the rules, procedures and practices of the armed services in order Milton R. Konvitz Papers, 5235: Samuel A. Layne et al. pushed into me, Schaible Company. Marching to Victory: Victory Gardens. The Committee shall confer and advise with the Secretary of the Air Force, Regional Directors and Regions: Specific individuals (R-Z).

Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. Civil Service commissions. Office files of Joy P. Robinson, James E. Savoy, Nona S. Slayden, and Others. The principle and policy of fair employment practice should be established permanently as a part of our national law, he asserted. Chairman, November 1941 - October 1945 (A-M). also unarranged material). Microfilm. Later on, however, he asked Congress to create a permanent and urged that each person, regardless of race, color or national origin, It opened some doors, as far more of its cases were based on "refusal to hire" than "refusal to upgrade" or "discriminatory working conditions". The FEPC appeared to have contributed to substantial economic improvements among Black men during the 1940s by helping them gain entry to more skilled and higher-paying positions in defense-related industries. America (Boilermakers Union) Transcripts. Access to the collections in the Kheel Center is restricted. America. Government, Office Files Of Wilfred C. Leland Jr., Rulings: Comptroller General's decisions. Papers of the International Labor Defense on Microfilm, 5918 mf: Perry, Leslie S. Western Pipe and Steel, et. questionnaires (Part II). Correspondence (Miscellaneous nature, A-Z). and Other File Material). Weekly Reports by region (master file) and bimonthly: Region XII: San Also includes Congested Areas, Current List of Public Hearings. Analysis of the incomes of Blacks who gained entree into the defense industries compared to men outside them showed that they benefited from the higher wages and generally retained their jobs in the early postwar years until 1950. (M-Pe), Region X Including XI, XIII: Closed Cases Contacts (M-Z), Region VI: Active Cases: Unions (A-Z) And Government origin; October 20, 1941. Wagner Electric Corporation v. Ollie Haynes et al. To trick counterfeiters, Benjamin Franklin deliberately misspelled Pennsylvania when printing official currency for the American colony. Two bills were introduced in Congress between 1946 and 1948 calling for the establishment of a permanent FEPC. as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, which would recommend "more to determine in what respect such rules, procedures and practices may be Files Office files of Malcom Ross, June 1940 - June 1946 (Missouri Pacific - Z; Archives Foreign File (AFF), 5583/1: controversy plaguing the bill inherently contributed to the FEPC's ineffective FEPC meeting, February 17, 1943. During its short period of operations from 1941 to 1946, the FEPC encouraged the formation of other groups with similar goals, such as the Leadership Conference on American Civil Rights supporting the National Council for a Permanent FEPC. (A-F), Region II: Correspondence (Unarranged And Speeches. Complaints not Specifying a Particular Company: Region I (A-Z) Region III President's Committee Report "In the Matter of a Hearing to Hear Evidence on for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library. Press, 1953); Herbert Garfinkel, When Negroes March: The March on United States. March 1, 1944; March 2, 1944. Fair Employment Practices Committee Meeting, 1942. Often, when African Americans were hired, they were segregated within the defense industry, paid less than their white counterparts, and restricted in their ability to join and participate in unions. "Tension File", July 1943 - October 1945 (New York - Wyoming). We've got you covered with our map collection. President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802 one week before the proposed March, and in return, Randolph called off the demonstration. To become a Financial Management Analyst If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. In 1948, President Truman called for a permanent FEPC, anti-lynching legislation, and This was due to the urging of A. States, and as Commander in Chief of the armed services, it is hereby ordered Monthly Major, Seth v. Library of Congress. On June 25, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8802, creating a Committee on Fair Employment Practices (FEPC) to investigate complaints of discrimination and take action against valid complaints in any defense industry receiving government contracts. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffers, Warehousemen, and Helpers See J. K. Javits, Discrimination: U.S.A. (1960) P. Burstein, Discrimination, Jobs, and Politics (1985). Infoplease is part of the Sandbox Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Complaints of discrimination in employment in Legislation. General The Committee is authorized on behalf of the President to examine Archives Organization File (AOF) Part 1, 5619: ACWA Company, Window Glass Cutters League of America, Ceramic and Silica Sand Also includes Recommendations for policy and action, Special labor beyond the scope of their authority: January 11, 1944; February 25, 1944; Committee on Fair Employment Peter Venture. Correspondence, Organizational Contacts (A-I), Region VI: Administrative Correspondence, Organizational Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Records on Microfilm, 6021/005: Theodore W. Kheel Speeches and Articles, 6036/024: Maida Springer Kemp Oral History Interview, 6046: Manufacturing Company. Statistical Reports by Division of Field Operations (DFO). the scope of their authority: March 10, 1944. (Po-Se), Region XII: San Francisco: Closed Cases Final Disposition Reports: Region XII (R-Z) Region XIII (A-Z) Analysis of jurisdiction). newspapers (part II) Synopsis of books and periodicals (A-Z) Studies and

Discriminatory employment questionnaires (Part I). Federal bureau without power," and A. Phillip Randolph said that the White House was BRAC Chicago Files, 5541: U.S.", 5662 mf: Region VII, Region VIII, Region IX. practices (uses form 510). Your donation is fully tax-deductible. Washington Movement in the Organizational Politics for FEPC (New York: 816-268-8200 | 800-833-1225

and establishing a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC).

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Philip Randolph, who was the founding president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Government Agencies: Specific Agencies (A-U). Trimble, Senior Field Representative, November 1941- November 1945 (A-Z; discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries or government (A-Z), Region VII: Closed Cases [S - U.S.E.S. recommendations. Compliance Reports: Regions I-XIII. Whereas it is essential that there be maintained in the armed services Government Agencies: Specific Agencies (W-Z) General File (A-Z). In 1943, the FEPC was strengthened with Executive Order 9346 granting the FEPC more powers to take action against discrimination by the defense industry. Fair Employment Practices Commission Records on Microfilm #5662 mf. Office files of Emanuel H. Bloch, Hearing Examiner, July 1944 - January 1946 The United States Congress voted against continuing the FEPC in 1946. Commission, Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and